Where Is Hekla Volcano Located?

Hekla is a stratovolcano located in southern Iceland, approximately 110 kilometers east of the capital city of Reykjavik. It is one of the country’s most active and well-known volcanoes, with a long history of eruptions dating back over a millennium.

Geographical Location

Hekla is situated in the southern region of Iceland, within the boundaries of the Rangarvallasysla district. It is part of a volcanic ridge that runs in a north-south direction, parallel to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge which separates the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates.

Physical Characteristics

Hekla is a symmetrical stratovolcano with a height of approximately 1,491 meters (4,892 feet) above sea level. It has a prominent crater at its summit, which is often filled with snow and ice. The volcano is known for its steep slopes and rugged terrain, making it a popular destination for hikers and outdoor enthusiasts.

Historical Eruptions

Hekla has a long history of eruptions, with recorded events dating back to the 12th century. It is one of Iceland’s most active volcanoes, with over 20 documented eruptions in the past millennium. The volcano’s eruptions are typically explosive in nature, producing ash clouds and lava flows that can extend for several kilometers.

Current Activity

Although Hekla is currently dormant, scientists closely monitor the volcano for signs of unrest. The Icelandic Meteorological Office maintains a network of seismometers and other monitoring equipment to detect any changes in the volcano’s activity. In the event of an impending eruption, authorities would issue warnings and evacuate nearby communities to ensure their safety.


Hekla is a fascinating and dynamic volcano located in the picturesque landscape of southern Iceland. Its long history of eruptions and impressive physical characteristics make it a popular destination for visitors and researchers alike. While the volcano is currently dormant, its potential for future eruptions serves as a reminder of the powerful forces at work beneath the Earth’s surface.

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